Applications/Python

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Application Details

  • Description: Python is a high-level interpreted programming language for general-purpose programming, supported by a large number of libraries for many tasks
  • Versions: Python 2.7.11 and 3.5.1
  • Module names: python/anaconda/4.0/2.7, python/anaconda/4.0/3.5, python/anaconda/4.1.1/2.7 and python/anaconda/4.3.31/3.6-VE
  • Additional module : python/anaconda/4.6/miniconda/3.7 (used for virtual environments)
  • License: Free to use - Python Software Foundation License


Usage Examples

  • Python is provided by the Anaconda package too.
  • Anaconda is the leading open data science platform powered by Python.

Interactive

Interactive with command line:

[username@c170 ~]$ module add python/anaconda/4.0/2.7
[username@c170 ~]$ python
Python 2.7.5 (default, Nov 20 2015, 02:00:19)
[GCC 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-4)] on linux2
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>>

Interactive with command line with IPython:

[username@c170 ~]$ ipython
Python 2.7.13 |Anaconda custom (64-bit)| (default, Dec 20 2016, 23:09:15)
Type "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.

IPython 5.1.0 -- An enhanced Interactive Python.
?         -> Introduction and overview of IPython's features.
%quickref -> Quick reference.
help      -> Python's own help system.
object?   -> Details about 'object', use 'object??' for extra details.

In [1]:

Batch Submission

#!/bin/bash
#SBATCH -J PythonTest                # Job name, you can change it to whatever you want
#SBATCH -N 1                                  # Number of nodes 
#SBATCH --ntasks-per-node 1    # Number of cores per node
#SBATCH -o %N.%j.out                # Standard output will be written here
#SBATCH -e %N.%j.err                 # Standard error will be written here
#SBATCH -p compute                  # Slurm partition, where you want the job to be queued 

module purge
module add python/anaconda/4.0/3.5
 
python PythonTest.py

This is then submitted as follows:

[username@login01 ~]$ sbatch Pythontest.job
Submitted batch job 289522

Virtual Environments

A Python virtual environment allows users to create a custom environment(s) in which they can have the packages, and versions of those packages that are required without having elevated user privileges.

We recommend the Virtualenv installation when you use a specialised package that would not be used by the wider HPC community. Virtualenv is a virtual Python environment isolated from other Python development, incapable of interfering with or being affected by other Python programs on the same HPC. During the Virtualenv installation process, you will install can install not only the additional package but all the dependencies that go with it. (This is actually pretty easy.) All in all, Virtualenv provides a safe and reliable mechanism for installing and running additional packages.

There are many benefits to using a virtual environment on a system. Here is a short non-exhaustive list of a few of the key benefits:

  • Control over packages and package versions.
  • An arbitrary number of virtual environments can be created for different tasks.
  • Reproducible - A user can replicate a python environment on any system, so as to be able to run or re-run a particular task or job under the same conditions.


Creation of Virtual Environment Using Anaconda on Viper

  • See Applications/Miniconda page for creating your own virtual environment. This is the preferred method for specialised python modules required such as biopython or tensorflow for example.


Further Information


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